Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan: Criminal Prosecution for Consensual Same-Sex Relationships Between Men

Society in Eurasian countries has long displayed a high level of homophobia, stigmatization, and discrimination against LGBT people, which is historically driven by the repressive laws and practices of past decades. This report uses field data and other sources to analyze the current situation with the criminal prosecution of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan and other instances of discrimination against LGBT people in these countries. Besides, history of legislation repressive towards MSM in the countries of the region is considered, from early Soviet times till present.